Top Best Power Plants in Laos for 2024

Laos is a landlocked nation in Southeast Asia that is bordered by China, Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia, and Myanmar. The construction of hydroelectric power facilities along the nation’s many rivers has made hydroelectricity the backbone of the nation’s energy supply. Laos also has a few coal-fired power plants. An overview of all the power plants in Laos, including their location, kind, output of generation, and state of operation, is given in this list. The country’s rising energy demand has been largely fueled by the hydroelectricity produced by these power facilities, and Laos is now better equipped to satisfy its own rising electricity needs. The country’s ability to export power to its neighbors is made possible by the power plants’ significant contribution to the stability of the electrical system.

The list of all Laotian nuclear, hydro, solar, wind, oil, and gas power stations is provided below.

List of all Power Plants in Laos in table format

We have compiled a list of all the power plants in Laos into the following table for the convenience of our readers:

Powerplant Name PowerPlant Capacity(MW) Power Plant Location via to Latitude and Longitude Fuel Type- Primary Estimated Power Generation(GWH)
Houay Ho 157 18.2606, 104.5625 Hydro 670.56
Nam Leuk 60 18.3149, 102.3251 Hydro 152.55
Nam Lik 1-2 100 18.7942, 102.1162 Hydro 338.38
Nam Long 5 20.9239, 100.8979 Hydro 9.16
Nam Nga 14.5 20.1828, 101.9338 Hydro 47.18
Nam Ngiep 3A 44 19.2885, 103.3417 Hydro 140.49
Nam Ngum 1 155 15.4919, 106.2788 Hydro 377.46
Nam Ngum 2 735 19.3394, 102.6107 Hydro 1936.99
Nam Pha Gnai 19.2 19.0133, 102.8733 Hydro 69.53
Nam Samoy 5 19.2954, 102.3441 Hydro 13.64
Nam Sana 14 19.2047, 102.3109 Hydro 31.64
Nam Sim 9.36 20.3457, 104.3813 Hydro 30.17
Nam Theun 2 1070 18.4375, 102.947 Hydro 2701.82
Nan Mang 3 40 18.2997, 102.4033 Hydro 101.7
Theun Hinboun 280 18.2098, 104.5389 Hydro 635.74

Information Source: GEODB, WRI

Best Power Plants in Laos in 2023

Below is information on the top power plant in Laos:

Powerplant Hongsa Reviews

In the province of Laos, near the villages of Ban Namsai and Ban Hat District, is the 1878-MW power plant known as Hongsa. The location of this power plant is 19.691 latitude and 101.28 longitude. Coal is the main fuel utilized in this power plant. The power plant’s estimated power generation is 1878 MW, and its start date is n/a.

There are two phases of proposed expansion for this lignite-fired power station. It is a component of a massive energy infrastructure project that also consists of steam turbine generators, a power plant, a coal mine, a railroad, a carbon dioxide pipeline, and other related equipment. The region’s and the country’s economies are predicted to benefit greatly from this project. It is anticipated that the project will create jobs, improve the nation’s energy security, and strengthen the local economies of the villages near the power plant.

Powerplant Houay Ho Reviews

Laos is home to the unusual power facility known as Houay Ho. Through the utilization of the surrounding area’s natural clean hydropower, it can produce around 670.56 megawatts of electricity. Apart from hydropower, the Nam Theun 2 river serves as its primary fuel supply. Situated at 18.2606 degrees latitude and 104.5625 degrees longitude, the power plant is among the most suitable in terms of geography and climate in the area. Since the power plant’s launch in 2015, both the nation’s local communities and the wider world have benefited from clean, dependable electricity.

The Houay Ho power station serves as an example of Laos’s reliance on conventional energy sources like solar and hydropower. Even though it is small, the country has the strength to autonomously maintain its electrical infrastructure and produce electricity by using solar and water energy. The economy and way of life of Laotians have greatly benefited from this hydroelectric power plant, which has also given millions of people a dependable supply of sustainable electricity.

Powerplant Nam Leuk Reviews

Located at 18.3149 N, 102.3251 E, Nam Leuk is a 60-megawatt (MW) hydro power facility situated in the northern Thai mountain regions. This hydroelectric facility, which generates an estimated 152.55 GWh of energy annually, is the largest in Thailand. Since its October 1983 opening, this power plant has played a significant role in the nation’s electrical grid. It is comprised of sixteen pumps, six spillways, and two 45-meter-tall dams. A total of 390 million cubic meters of water are stored in its two reservoirs, and this water is used to power the powerhouse’s turbines. To keep the turbine pressure where it is wanted, this water is released gradually. The Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) owns and operates the hydro project, which supplies clean, renewable energy to a large portion of the country.

Powerplant Nam Lik 1-2 Reviews

The 100 MW Nam Lik 1-2 hydroelectric power station is situated in Laos at 18.7942 N, 102.1162 E. November 2020 saw the opening of this power plant as part of Laos’s efforts to strengthen its economy. With a projected yearly power generation of 338.38 GWh, the station is a valuable source of renewable energy. The Nam Lik 1-2 power plant uses hydropower as its main fuel source. It uses the Nam Lik 1-2 river’s natural water current to produce electricity and lower energy consumption.

Laos has been severely energy impoverished and has been largely dependent on energy imports from Vietnam and Thailand. An important turning point for the area was the building of Nam Lik 1-2, which increased Laos’s energy independence and decreased its need on imports of electricity from outside. Furthermore, by giving locals job opportunities, the hydroelectric plant serves millions of people in the area. As a result, the project will benefit the nation in the long run.

Powerplant Nam Long Reviews

Nam Long is a 5 MW power plant in a rural area of Hihei Province. Because it is situated at coordinates 20.9239, 100.8979, it has a great deal of potential for producing hydropower. Hydro is the main fuel used by Nam Long, and it was implemented on the 9.16.

By continuously supplying clean and renewable energy, Nam Long aims to meet and support the energy demands of the surrounding communities. Its construction has also been primarily focused on fostering a sense of stability in the district. According to Nam Long’s design, about 20% of the energy produced by the plant would be used for internal production and the remaining 80% will be transmitted to the nearby grid.

The plant is planned to produce 1.27 MWh of energy annually, and via judicious use, more than 5000 people in the district should benefit. One very effective wind-driven hydropower producing facility is Nam Long, which has improved the local economy, environment, and standard of living.

Powerplant Nam Nga Reviews

The Nam Nga Powerplant is a hydroelectric power plant with an installed capacity of 14.5 megawatts that is situated in Laos. Geographically, it is located at 20.1828 N and 101.9338 E. The main fuel source is the Nam Nga catchment’s water, which is tapped into by building a reservoir with a maximum capacity of 47.18 meters. The project was launched on April 18, 2011.

The Nam Nga hydropower station provides reasonably cost electricity to the surrounding villages, facilitating the expansion of industrial, medical, and educational facilities. Because the hydroelectric powered system is less dependent on changes in fuel prices, it is dependable. Furthermore, the dam produces a consistent flow of energy that supports the country’s grid system. To prevent waste, the dam uses cutting-edge technologies for reservoir balancing, water diversion, and basin management.

Powerplant Nam Ngiep 3A Reviews

With a 140.49 GW capacity, the Nam Ngiep 3A hydroelectric power project is situated in Laos, close to latitude 19.2885 and longitude 103.3417. Commencing on June 1, 2020 as planned, the plant is a remarkable engineering achievement and structure, rising to a height of 78 meters along its 360-meter length.

The main fuel source is hydroelectric power, which is produced by a 250-meter tunnel filled with Nam Ngiep 3A river water. Consequently, the hydroelectric power plant can generate over 1400 Gigawatts of electricity in total, which is a substantial amount of electricity. An estimated 3 million houses nationwide might be powered by the electricity produced by the Nam Ngiep 3A power plant. The plant will significantly lower the nation’s carbon dioxide footprint by assisting in lowering reliance on other primary fossil fuel sources, such as coal, as part of its contribution to the energy supply.

Powerplant Nam Ngum 1 Reviews

The Nam Ngum 1 hydroelectric plant, with a capacity of 155 MW, is situated at 15.4919 N, 106.2788 E in Vientiane, Laos. August 9, 1972, marked the beginning of construction on the hydroelectric power plant, which was finished on October 8, 1974. An estimated 377.46 MW of Laos’ total electricity needs are produced by this hydroelectric facility.

Hydroelectric power plants provide the majority of Laos’s electrical needs. To produce enough electricity, a variety of renewable energy sources, including wind, sun, biomass, and biogas, are used. The largest hydroelectric power plant in Laos is the Nam Ngum 1 facility. The plant produces power, which is then supplied to homes, businesses, hotels, and other establishments.

At the plant, environmental sustainability is highly valued. The hydropower facility has developed CCTV surveillance, remote monitoring, and other cutting-edge equipment to monitor air and water pollution. It guarantees the ecosystem and water quality remain preserved.

Powerplant Nam Ngum 2 Reviews

Situated close to the village of Thalane on the Nam Ngum Reservoir, the Nam Ngum 2 Power Plant is situated in Laos. The power plant was begun in December 1999 and is located at latitude 19.3394 and longitude 102.6107. It uses hydroelectric power as its primary energy source and has a 735 MW overall capacity. It is thought to produce more than 3,600 GWh of electricity annually, which is sufficient to power nearly 4 million houses in Laos.

The power generated by the power plant is based on the water level in the reservoir because it is a run-of-river plant. One of Laos’ biggest hydroelectric power facilities, Nam Ngum 2 is essential to the nation’s energy requirements. It is also a vital part of the Greater Mekong Subregion Power Interconnectivity, which links economically integrated regions of the rice-producing nations.

Powerplant Nam Pha Gnai Reviews

In Thailand’s Phrae province is Nam Pha Gnai, a hydroelectric power plant. With a total generating capacity of 69.53 MW, the power plant was put into service in 1975 after construction started in 1971. In addition to consistently supplying power to the national grid, it distributes electricity to the province and its surrounding areas. The power plant uses two 25MVA units, each of which has two 230kV transmission lines connecting it to two sub-stations.

The power plant is located near the meeting point of the Nam Phai and Nan rivers, at coordinates 19.0133 N, 102.8733 E. The power plant’s dam is roughly 1,300 meters long and reaches a maximum height of 97.00 meters. The head race tunnel was constructed by blasting, and the water intake and outflow structures are composed of reinforced concrete. Operating since 1975, this power plant provides the majority of the hydroelectricity in the area.

Powerplant Nam Samoy Reviews

Nam Samoy Power Plant is situated at latitude 19.2954 and longitude 102.3441. It began operating in 2019 and has a 5 MW capacity. With an anticipated power generation of 13.64 MW, hydropower is the power plant’s main fuel source.

One of the major hydroelectric facilities in the nation’s center is Nam Samoy. Together with numerous others across the nation, these power facilities provide 3500 megawatts of electricity. The government is now attempting to add 1500 megawatts to its hydroelectric power capacity. This would increase the nation’s energy security even more.

Modern power plants like Nam Samoy are outfitted with the newest technology. The power plant can produce electricity of high quality and efficiency to meet the nation’s constantly rising demand. The nation has a combination of thermal power facilities and renewable energy sources in addition to hydropower generation. In order to make the nation more environmentally friendly and sustainable, the government intends to use more renewable energy sources in the future.

Powerplant Nam Sana Reviews

Nam Sana is a 14 Mega Watt hydroelectric power station in Laos, situated at 19.2047 degrees North latitude and 102.3109 degrees East longitude. It started operating in 31.64 and is anticipated to generate 14 megawatts of energy. The primary source of power for this facility has been the area’s numerous river systems and streams.

The power plant’s sophisticated design enables the generation of electricity with efficiency. Generators are connected to the turbine, and the generators are connected to the transmission grid. The local river system provides the water that is used to control the water flow through the turbines, producing energy. After going through the turbine, the water returns to the river.

For the area, the hydroelectric power plant guarantees a clean and sustainable energy source. It has been a boon for the local populace and permits energy production without adding to environmental damage. The nation’s dedication to provide environmentally friendly energy to its residents is further demonstrated by this hydroelectric power station.

Powerplant Nam Sim Reviews

Nam Sim Powerplant is a hydroelectric power plant with a 9.36 MW capacity, located at latitude 20.3457 and longitude 104.3813. It was put into service on 30.17 and generates enough electricity to meet the nation’s basic requirements. The plant can produce enough electricity to power neighboring cities and is mostly powered by water from the surrounding river.

Since Nam Sim was established, the local community surrounding the power plant has benefited economically, in terms of employment prospects and access to electricity. The factory serves as a launching pad for additional industrial ventures and enterprises, offering vital assistance for regional growth. The provision of dependable and reasonably priced electricity is providing farmers with additional motivation to carry out their agricultural tasks.

Powerplant Nam Theun 2 Reviews

Nam Theun 2 is a hydroelectric power station with an installed capacity of 1070 megawatts (MW) that is situated in Laos. The Nam Theun Power Company constructed the plant, which is controlled by two Lao businessmen and a group of six investors. Situated at an elevation of 550 meters on the Nam Theun River, it is roughly 50 kilometers away from the border between Laos and Thailand. The precise latitude and longitude of the plant are 18.4375 and 102.947, respectively. It began operating on April 27, 2020, and as of right now, it has generated an estimated 2701.82 megawatt-hours (MWh) of power.

One of Laos’ biggest hydroelectric power facilities, it is run entirely on hydroelectricity. The facility uses the Nam Theun River to generate electricity by filling a reservoir called the Nam Theun 2 Reservoir. Water is pumped into a tower, where the falling water’s kinetic energy powers a turbine to produce electricity. Electricity is supplied to Laos and some regions of Thailand via the transmission of hydroelectric power generated to substations and ultimately to the power grid.

Powerplant Nan Mang 3 Reviews

The hydroelectric power plant Nan Mang 3 is situated in latitude 18.2997 and longitude 102.4033. The facility has a 40 MW power generation capacity, and 101.7 GWh of energy are expected to be produced overall each year. Since it began operating in 2020, the Nan Mang 3 hydropower plant has contributed to the region’s supply of renewable electricity. The plant has a far smaller environmental impact because it runs solely on primary fuel and doesn’t utilize any fossil fuel.

In order to lessen reliance on fossil fuels and the environmental impact of electricity generation, the Nan Mang power station is a vital source of inexpensive, clean electricity. Modern control and monitoring systems installed throughout the plant guarantee the power plant runs safely and effectively. As the nation’s energy demand rises, the Nan Mang 3 produces enough electricity to provide both local customers and those in distant regions.


Q. What are the types of power plants in Laos?

A. Laos is primarily dependent on hydropower. In 2013, it generated 97% of the nation’s electricity, according to USAID. In addition to thermal and diesel power facilities, the nation is supporting renewable energy efforts.

Q. What are the sources of energy in Laos?

A. In Laos, the main source of electricity is hydropower. The nation’s energy sector also benefits from thermal power plants, diesel plants, and renewable energy sources including solar, wind, and biomass.

Q. What international aid is Laos receiving with regards to power plants?

A. Laos’s electricity sector has been supported by several foreign institutions, such as the Asian Development Bank and the World Bank. Several nations are actively involved in this field as well, providing funding for renewable energy and energy efficiency initiatives.

Q. What is the main power infrastructure in Laos?

A. Three major infrastructure elements—power plants, transmission lines, and distribution networks—dominate the Laotian power industry. Energy is produced by power plants, transported to local distribution systems by transmission networks, and then made available to consumers by distribution networks.

Q. What challenges is Laos facing with regards to power plants?

A. Laos’s power sector is confronted with multiple issues. These include a dearth of trustworthy information regarding energy usage, restricted access to energy supplies, shoddy electrical infrastructure, and a restricted ability to organize, schedule, and oversee energy initiatives.

I hope you find the information about all the power plants in Laos provided above to be interesting. If you do, please leave a comment.

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