Top Best Power Plants in Cuba for 2023

Because it is the largest island in the region, Cuba is an essential aspect of Latin American culture. It is also regarded as one of the world’s most economically viable nations, partly because of its extensive network of well-run power plants and its significant emphasis on renewable energy sources. Cuba’s power plants are essential to the nation’s electrical supply, and maintaining them has greatly aided in the country’s development and stability. This page will offer a thorough examination of every power plant currently in operation in Cuba, including hydroelectric and thermal energy plants. It will also discuss the various measures the nation has taken to guarantee the efficient operation of its power facilities, with an emphasis on sustainability. This article, which offers a thorough examination of Cuba’s power plant infrastructure, is likely to pique the interest of all inquiring readers.

The list of all Cuban nuclear, hydroelectric, solar, wind, oil, and gas power facilities is provided below.

List of all Power Plants in Cuba in table format

We have made the following table, which includes a list of all the power plants in Cuba, for the convenience of our readers:

Powerplant Name PowerPlant Capacity(MW) Power Plant Location via to Latitude and Longitude Fuel Type- Primary Estimated Power Generation(GWH)
Antonio Guiteras Powerplant 330 23.0687, -81.5379 Oil N/A
Antonio Maceo (rente) Powerplant 450 19.9945, -75.8706 Oil N/A
Boca de Jaruco 238 23.1822, -82.0171 Gas N/A
Carlos De Cespedes Powerplant 382 22.1589, -80.4552 Oil N/A
Eg Punta Gorda Powerplant 174.6 20.6377, -74.8811 Oil N/A
Gibara 10.2 21.1194, -76.1374 Wind N/A
Havana TPP 500 23.1235, -82.412 Oil N/A
Lidio Perez (felton) Powerplant 500 20.7408, -75.655 Oil N/A
M ximo G mez (Mariel) 450 23.02, -82.7502 Oil N/A
Pinar del Rio 4 22.495, -83.275 Solar 7.78
Santa Cruz 300 23.1592, -81.9538 Oil N/A
Varadero Powerplant 173 23.0879, -81.2695 Gas N/A
Yaguaramas 5 22.255, -80.715 Solar 10.2

Information Sources: Wiki-Solar, WRI

Best Power Plants in Cuba in 2023

Below is information on the top power plant in Cuba:

Powerplant 10 De Octubre (nuevitas) Powerplant Reviews

The 10 De Octubre (nuevitas) Powerplant is situated in the Cuban town of Nuevitas at coordinates of 21.5656 N, 77.2711 W. Its main fuel source is oil, and it can produce 280 megawatts of power. Since it started operating in 1978, the 10 De Octubre (nuevitas) Powerplant has produced an estimated 1,902,400,000 kilowatt hours of energy annually.

The residents of Nuevitas and the surrounding areas are supplied with electricity by the 10 De Octubre (nuevitas) Powerplant, which uses scarce resources like oil. By reducing the quantity of pollutants emitted into the atmosphere, it also helps lessen the detrimental effects that conventional power sources, like coal, have on the environment and the economy. It also offers a productive way to supply energy to a big population with little energy loss.

Among the numerous oil power plants in Cuba that contribute to the country’s access to cheap and dependable power and energy is the 10 De Octubre (nuevitas) Powerplant. The 10 De Octubre (nuevitas) Powerplant has been providing reliable and efficient energy to the people of Cuba for a long time, and it will continue to do so for years to come.

Powerplant Antonio Guiteras Powerplant Reviews

Situated in Cuba, the 330 MW Antonio Guiteras Powerplant may be found in latitude 23.0687 and longitude -81.5379. The medium-scale capacity plant was put into service in 1982 and runs mostly on oil as fuel. Despite being several decades old, it continues to be one of the island’s most dependable power generation sources, especially during periods of high demand.

In addition to providing electricity to private residences, the power plant mainly supplies power to Cuba’s commercial and industrial sectors. Its yearly power generation, estimated to be between 2.98 and 3.6 billion kwh, is sufficient to power thousands of families and small and large companies.

The plant has experienced a fair share of operating problems throughout the years due to its age. Nonetheless, the responsible engineers have maintained the plant’s functionality and kept it operating within an acceptable performance range by performing routine maintenance and repairs.

Powerplant Antonio Maceo (rente) Powerplant Reviews

Situated in Santiago de Cuba Province, the Antonio Maceo (rente) Powerplant is a 450 megawatt facility. The exact location of the object can be determined using the latitude and longitude coordinates 19.9945 and -75.8706. Oil serves as the facility’s main fuel source. The facility, which began producing power in April 2006, has the potential to produce 1,318 gigawatts of electricity annually.

The Antonio Maceo (rente) Powerplant is a component of a bigger initiative to upgrade Cuba’s electrical generating and infrastructure. It is anticipated that the plant will contribute to the nation’s efficient energy distribution and raise the country’s overall electricity production by about 12%. Furthermore, by offering a cleaner energy source, the plant will aid in lowering emissions and promote economic growth by luring investment and industry.

Powerplant Boca de Jaruco Reviews

Natural gas powers the Boca de Jaruco power station, which is located in the Artemisa region of Cuba. With a capacity of 238 MW, the power station is precisely situated at 23.1822 latitude and -82.0171 longitude. In addition, it began producing electricity in February 2011 and generates over 532 GWh of power annually.

A 1,542 km natural gas pipeline is monitored by the combined cycle power plant Boca de Jaruco, which runs on natural gas. As part of its strategy to concentrate on the use of natural gas throughout the nation, Energas, a state-owned energy company in Cuba, made an investment in this power plant. By doing this, Boca de Jaruco makes it possible for the entire island to receive power from the gas pipeline that runs through the country’s east.

Powerplant Carlos De Cespedes Powerplant Reviews

The 382 MW Carlos De Cespedes Powerplant, which is situated at latitude 22.1589 and longitude -80.4552, is predominantly an oil-fueled power plant. It was put online in 2017 and has the capacity to produce an estimated amount of power, enough to cover the surrounding communities’ needs for electricity.

In order to maximize the efficiency of crude oil, this power plant combines manual control rooms with advanced automation and Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology. It is fully outfitted with safety features, including sophisticated sensors and robotic systems, to reduce any dangers or human error throughout the generation process. Local grid networks share the power produced by the plant, which is then supplied to local businesses and households.

Powerplant Eg Punta Gorda Powerplant Reviews

Situated in Punta Gorda, Cuba, is the 174.6 megawatt Punta Gorda Powerplant. The power plant initially started up in March 2018. It is located at latitude 20.6377 and longitude -74.8811. Oil serves as its main fuel source. The Punta Gorda Powerplant is projected to produce about 725 GWh of electricity yearly as of 2020.

One of the many such powerplants in the area, the Punta Gorda Powerplant is operating to provide the expanding energy needs of Cuba’s rapidly expanding populace. The power plant itself runs two systems concurrently to optimize output and efficiency. In the first, power is produced by conventional oil burners; in the second, steam turbines are used to produce extra power.

The Punta Gorda Powerplant is a crucial energy source for the area because of its close proximity to a large population center. Because of this, the power plant is well-protected so that, in periods of peak demand, it can continue to run continuously. The Punta Gorda Powerplant has been a vital resource for the region’s power needs, offering dependable and effective power to people who depend on it.

Powerplant Gibara Reviews

Situated close to Cuba’s Nipe Bay at latitudes 21.1194 and longitude -76.1374, Gibara is an island power station with a capacity of 10.2 MGW. The power plant can create 10.2 MGW of electricity, which is enough to meet the needs of the surrounding cities and villages. It is meant to produce electricity by harnessing the force of the wind. Beginning operations in mid-March 2021, the facility is expected to produce about 17 million kWh of energy annually.

There are thirty-three large-scale wind turbines at the Gibraltar power station, each having a capacity of thirty megawatts. This configuration was designed to support the island’s expanding energy requirements and development. The 5 m diameter blades of the turbines are designed to capture even the smallest breezes and produce sustainable electricity. This is the first instance of its kind in Cuba of using wind energy to produce electricity, and it will undoubtedly serve as a model for the island’s residents to embrace renewable energy sources.

Powerplant Havana TPP Reviews

The 500 megawatt Havana TPP power plant is situated near Havana, Cuba. Its coordinates are -82.412 longitude and 23.1235 latitude. This 2010-commissioned power station uses oil as its primary energy source. An estimated 450 gigawatt-hours of power are produced annually by the Havana TPP.

One of the main electricity providers in Cuba, Havana TPP assists in meeting the needs of the populace in terms of electricity. It has consistently supported environmental sustainability and carried out a number of green projects. To cut down on greenhouse gas emissions, the factory, for instance, uses energy-efficient motors and drives, low-emission fuels, and enhanced plant operations methods.

The facility is a key component of the Cuban government’s clean energy agenda, and frequent monitoring is done to assess its output and efficiency. Additionally, the Cuban government frequently makes investments in cutting-edge technology to raise energy output, lower operating costs, and enhance regional energy security.

Powerplant Lidio Perez (felton) Powerplant Reviews

The 500 megawatt Lidio Perez (Felton) Powerplant is situated in Cuba at latitude 20.7408 and longitude -75.655. Oil is the main fuel used in this power plant. It has been producing energy since 1998, and its annual output is projected to be 1,500 gigawatt-hours.

To provide the nation with the most dependable electricity supply possible, the Lidio Perez (Felton) Powerplant was constructed in 1998 utilizing the most recent advancements in modern power generation technology. It makes use of a cutting-edge Combined Cycle plant, a form of power production technology that produces energy from fuel considerably more effectively than with more conventional power plant designs. The Lidio Perez (felton) Powerplant not only has a more effective system for producing energy, but it also lowers pollutants, which contributes to the area’s improved air quality.

The goal of the Lidio Perez (Felton) Powerplant is to give the nation a long-term, dependable, safe, and effective supply of power. It is anticipated to produce 1,500 gigawatt-hours of electricity yearly and will supply Cubans with consistent energy for many years to come. The Lidio Perez (felton) Powerplant will continue to be crucial in supplying Cubans with the electricity required to maintain their way of life and economy even as the nation works to update its infrastructure.

Powerplant M ximo G mez (Mariel) Reviews

M ximo G mez (Mariel) is a 450 MW oil-based power plant situated at 23.02 latitude and 82.7502 longitude. It has been producing enough electricity to power 500,000 homes since it began operating in 2020.

The power plant is situated in the Mariel municipality in Cuba, which is west of Havana, the country’s capital. It is the biggest and most advanced plant of its kind in the nation, and the electricity it produces will be sufficient to cover about 75% of Havana’s population’s overall electricity needs.

Being an oil-based plant, M ximo G mez (Mariel) is one of the few in Cuba. In comparison to previous plants, it can reduce emissions by up to 65% by utilizing new technologies to assure a clean burning of fuel. The powerplant’s excellent engineering and design made it feasible to reduce emissions to this extent.

Powerplant Pinar del Rio Reviews

Pinar del Rio is a small village close to the Gulf of Mexico shoreline in western Cuba. The remote community is home to an economically significant power plant that improves the life of the locals by supplying electricity to the area. The power plant, known as 4, runs primarily on solar energy and has a 7.78 megawatt capacity. The power plant was built in 1998 and is situated at latitude and longitude coordinates of 22.495 and -83.275. Small-scale gardening projects as well as the houses of other households are powered by the electricity produced by 4 units.

The community is equipped with cozy amenities including residences, schools, hospitals, supermarkets, and other things required for a crowded way of life. 4 is a solid energy source for the Pinar del Rio neighborhood since solar energy makes electricity readily available and reasonably priced. Since 4 was established in 1998, the people of Pinar del Rio have made significant contributions to its successful operation; as a result, it is still anticipated that the power plant will be able to produce 7.78 megawatts of electricity for many years to come.

Powerplant Santa Cruz Reviews

In Cuba, Santa Cruz is a power plant that is situated south of the Pinar del Río area. The power plant, which has a 300MW overall capacity, was opened in 2009. This power plant, which is a component of the broader Power Revolution Plan national energy project in Cuba, was constructed to assist with the rising need for electricity throughout the country. Oil is the main fuel type in Santa Cruz. The power plant is located precisely at 23.1592 N, 81.9538 W.

The annual production estimated for Santa Cruz is 877GWh. Thanks to a 1,400kV connection to the National Grid, the production of this power plant will supply Pinar del Río and other Cuban provinces with dependable and reasonably priced electricity. Santa Cruz is able to deliver electricity to its intended locations with efficiency and effectiveness because to this connection to the Grid.

Powerplant Varadero Powerplant Reviews

Situated in Matanzas, Cuba, the Varadero Powerplant is a 173 megawatt gas-fired power plant. The Varadero Powerplant, which was built in 2020, produces electricity for local households and businesses mostly using natural gas as fuel. The power plant is located in latitude 23.0879 and longitude -81.2695, respectively.

Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Cuba S.A. (TECSA), a state-owned telecommunications provider in Cuba, is the owner of Varadero Powerplant. The power plant is a valuable asset to the area since it provides electricity to underdeveloped areas before. Because there will be more electricity available with the new power plant, the local economy will grow more quickly. It is anticipated that the power plant will produce approximately 173 MW of electricity per year, placing it among the biggest in Cuba.

Powerplant Yaguaramas Reviews

Located in Pinar del Rio, Cuba, is a 5 MW solar power plant called Yaguaramas. With an anticipated annual electricity generation of 20 MW, this solar power station was installed in October of 10.2. It is a great source of renewable solar energy for the area and is precisely located at latitude 22.255 and longitude -80.715. It’s a photovoltaic plant that uses the electricity it produces to power public places and improve infrastructure.

Cuba’s progressive energy policy is based on this solar plant as well as the other power plants set up to provide renewable energy throughout the nation. The facility is equipped with a variety of solar cells that produce additional beneficial work using cutting edge solar technology, improving the local ecosystem. In addition to ensuring effective energy generation and consumption, the plant contributes to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. This cutting-edge solar power facility is a remarkable accomplishment in terms of social, political, economic, and environmental sustainability.


Q. What is the main source of power in Cuba?

A. The massive turbogenerator of the Antonio Guiteras thermoelectric power plant, which generates electricity by burning oil and diesel into steam, is Cuba’s primary energy source. With a maximum output of 454 MW, this power station can meet roughly 33% of Cuba’s energy requirements.

Q. What is the largest hydroelectric power plant in Cuba?

A. The Mario Castao Irrigation and Electric generating Project, situated in the Marilao River, is Cuba’s biggest hydroelectric generating facility. The two turbines in this hydroelectric power facility have a combined output of about 220 megawatts (MW). The project’s goal is to lessen Cuba’s reliance on fuels derived from petroleum as part of the Ministry of Mines and Energy’s Decentralized Electricity Plan.

Q. What other renewable energy sources are used in Cuba?

A. Cuba is working very hard to increase its use of renewable energy. They specifically want to boost the amount of solar and wind energy they produce. Other renewable energy sources, such geothermal and biomass, are also being investigated as possible energy sources for the nation.

Q. How much electricity is generated from renewable sources in Cuba?

A. In 2018, hydropower accounted for 13.2 percent of Cuba’s electricity production from renewable sources. By 2030, the nation wants to produce 24% of its electricity from renewable sources, and the government is committed to achieving this target.

Q. How much investment in renewable energy is Cuba planning to make?

A. Over the next ten years, the Cuban government has promised to invest $2.6 billion USD in renewable energy projects, including wind farms, solar power plants, and bioenergy. They intend to have 20% of the island’s total electricity capacity come from renewable sources by 2030.

I hope you find the information on all the power plants in Cuba that I have provided above interesting. If you do, please let us know in the comments.

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